WebView

Warning Please use the react-native-community/react-native-webview fork of this component instead. To reduce the surface area of React Native, <WebView/> is going to be removed from the React Native core. For more information, please read The Slimmening proposal.

WebView renders web content in a native view.


import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { WebView } from 'react-native';

class MyWeb extends Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <WebView
        source={{uri: 'https://github.com/facebook/react-native'}}
        style={{marginTop: 20}}
      />
    );
  }
}

Minimal example with inline HTML:


import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { WebView } from 'react-native';

class MyInlineWeb extends Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <WebView
        originWhitelist={['*']}
        source={{ html: '<h1>Hello world</h1>' }}
      />
    );
  }
}

You can use this component to navigate back and forth in the web view's history and configure various properties for the web content.

On iOS, the useWebKit prop can be used to opt into a WKWebView-backed implementation.

Security Warning: Currently, onMessage and postMessage do not allow specifying an origin. This can lead to cross-site scripting attacks if an unexpected document is loaded within a WebView instance. Please refer to the MDN documentation for Window.postMessage() for more details on the security implications of this.

Props

Methods


Reference

Props

source

Loads static HTML or a URI (with optional headers) in the WebView. Note that static HTML will require setting originWhitelist to ["*"].

The object passed to source can have either of the following shapes:

Load uri

  • uri (string) - The URI to load in the WebView. Can be a local or remote file.
  • method (string) - The HTTP Method to use. Defaults to GET if not specified. On Android, the only supported methods are GET and POST.
  • headers (object) - Additional HTTP headers to send with the request. On Android, this can only be used with GET requests.
  • body (string) - The HTTP body to send with the request. This must be a valid UTF-8 string, and will be sent exactly as specified, with no additional encoding (e.g. URL-escaping or base64) applied. On Android, this can only be used with POST requests.

Static HTML

  • html (string) - A static HTML page to display in the WebView.
  • baseUrl (string) - The base URL to be used for any relative links in the HTML.
TypeRequired
objectNo

automaticallyAdjustContentInsets

Controls whether to adjust the content inset for web views that are placed behind a navigation bar, tab bar, or toolbar. The default value is true.

TypeRequired
boolNo

injectJavaScript

Function that accepts a string that will be passed to the WebView and executed immediately as JavaScript.

TypeRequired
functionNo

injectedJavaScript

Set this to provide JavaScript that will be injected into the web page when the view loads.

TypeRequired
stringNo

mediaPlaybackRequiresUserAction

Boolean that determines whether HTML5 audio and video requires the user to tap them before they start playing. The default value is true.

TypeRequired
boolNo

nativeConfig

Override the native component used to render the WebView. Enables a custom native WebView which uses the same JavaScript as the original WebView.

The nativeConfig prop expects an object with the following keys:

  • component (any)
  • props (object)
  • viewManager (object)
TypeRequired
objectNo

onError

Function that is invoked when the WebView load fails.

TypeRequired
functionNo

onLoad

Function that is invoked when the WebView has finished loading.

TypeRequired
functionNo

onLoadEnd

Function that is invoked when the WebView load succeeds or fails.

TypeRequired
functionNo

onLoadStart

Function that is invoked when the WebView starts loading.

TypeRequired
functionNo

onMessage

A function that is invoked when the webview calls window.postMessage. Setting this property will inject a postMessage global into your webview, but will still call pre-existing values of postMessage.

window.postMessage accepts one argument, data, which will be available on the event object, event.nativeEvent.data. data must be a string.

TypeRequired
functionNo

onNavigationStateChange

Function that is invoked when the WebView loading starts or ends.

TypeRequired
functionNo

originWhitelist

List of origin strings to allow being navigated to. The strings allow wildcards and get matched against just the origin (not the full URL). If the user taps to navigate to a new page but the new page is not in this whitelist, the URL will be handled by the OS. The default whitelisted origins are "http://" and "https://".

TypeRequired
array of stringsNo

renderError

Function that returns a view to show if there's an error.

TypeRequired
functionNo

renderLoading

Function that returns a loading indicator. The startInLoadingState prop must be set to true in order to use this prop.

TypeRequired
functionNo

scalesPageToFit

Boolean that controls whether the web content is scaled to fit the view and enables the user to change the scale. The default value is true.

On iOS, when useWebKit=true, this prop will not work.

TypeRequired
boolNo

onShouldStartLoadWithRequest

Function that allows custom handling of any web view requests. Return true from the function to continue loading the request and false to stop loading.

TypeRequiredPlatform
functionNoiOS

startInLoadingState

Boolean value that forces the WebView to show the loading view on the first load. This prop must be set to true in order for the renderLoading prop to work.

TypeRequired
boolNo

decelerationRate

A floating-point number that determines how quickly the scroll view decelerates after the user lifts their finger. You may also use the string shortcuts "normal" and "fast" which match the underlying iOS settings for UIScrollViewDecelerationRateNormal and UIScrollViewDecelerationRateFast respectively:

  • normal: 0.998
  • fast: 0.99 (the default for iOS web view)
TypeRequiredPlatform
numberNoiOS

domStorageEnabled

Boolean value to control whether DOM Storage is enabled. Used only in Android.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoAndroid

javaScriptEnabled

Boolean value to enable JavaScript in the WebView. Used on Android only as JavaScript is enabled by default on iOS. The default value is true.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoAndroid

mixedContentMode

Specifies the mixed content mode. i.e WebView will allow a secure origin to load content from any other origin.

Possible values for mixedContentMode are:

  • never (default) - WebView will not allow a secure origin to load content from an insecure origin.
  • always - WebView will allow a secure origin to load content from any other origin, even if that origin is insecure.
  • compatibility - WebView will attempt to be compatible with the approach of a modern web browser with regard to mixed content.
TypeRequiredPlatform
stringNoAndroid

thirdPartyCookiesEnabled

Boolean value to enable third party cookies in the WebView. Used on Android Lollipop and above only as third party cookies are enabled by default on Android Kitkat and below and on iOS. The default value is true.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoAndroid

userAgent

Sets the user-agent for the WebView.

TypeRequiredPlatform
stringNoAndroid

allowsInlineMediaPlayback

Boolean that determines whether HTML5 videos play inline or use the native full-screen controller. The default value is false.

NOTE

In order for video to play inline, not only does this property need to be set to true, but the video element in the HTML document must also include the webkit-playsinline attribute.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoiOS

bounces

Boolean value that determines whether the web view bounces when it reaches the edge of the content. The default value is true.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoiOS

contentInset

The amount by which the web view content is inset from the edges of the scroll view. Defaults to {top: 0, left: 0, bottom: 0, right: 0}.

TypeRequiredPlatform
object: {top: number, left: number, bottom: number, right: number}NoiOS

dataDetectorTypes

Determines the types of data converted to clickable URLs in the web view's content. By default only phone numbers are detected.

You can provide one type or an array of many types.

Possible values for dataDetectorTypes are:

  • phoneNumber
  • link
  • address
  • calendarEvent
  • none
  • all

With the new WebKit implementation, we have three new values:

  • trackingNumber
  • flightNumber
  • lookupSuggestion
TypeRequiredPlatform
string, or arrayNoiOS

scrollEnabled

Boolean value that determines whether scrolling is enabled in the WebView. The default value is true.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoiOS

geolocationEnabled

Set whether Geolocation is enabled in the WebView. The default value is false. Used only in Android.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoAndroid

allowUniversalAccessFromFileURLs

Boolean that sets whether JavaScript running in the context of a file scheme URL should be allowed to access content from any origin. Including accessing content from other file scheme URLs. The default value is false.

TypeRequiredPlatform
boolNoAndroid

useWebKit

If true, use WKWebView instead of UIWebView.

TypeRequiredPlatform
booleanNoiOS

url

Deprecated. Use the source prop instead.

TypeRequired
stringNo

html

Deprecated. Use the source prop instead.

TypeRequired
stringNo

Methods

extraNativeComponentConfig()


static extraNativeComponentConfig()

goForward()


goForward();

Go forward one page in the web view's history.

goBack()


goBack();

Go back one page in the web view's history.

reload()


reload();

Reloads the current page.

stopLoading()


stopLoading();

Stop loading the current page.